Do you love horses? If yes, then you must be interested in the best jumper horse breeds. A jumper horse is a horse breed that is designed to jump. They are very energetic and strong and are able to jump up to 15 feet high. They can jump over fences and walls.
Jumping horses are highly active and energetic animals. They are great sports animals. They are suitable for riding and racing. They are intelligent, trainable, and can be trained to do almost anything. They can even jump over water. Jumper horses are well known for their amazing jumping abilities.
However, the jumping ability of a horse is determined by its breed. The best jumper horse breeds are listed below. You can select any of them as per your needs.
In this article, I have reviewed the top 16 best jumper horse breeds, and I have provided my recommendations for the best horse breeds for riders and jumpers. A list of the best jumper breed horses is below…
- Dutch Warmblood
- Irish Sport Horse
- Selle Francais
- American Quarter Horse
- Draft Crosses
The Evolution of the Jumper Horse: How Three Breeds Dominate the Sport
There are three classic jumper horse breeds – Thoroughbreds, Morgans, and Warmbloods – and each of these has evolved over time to produce the best jumpers in history. Let’s take a look at the evolution of these three popular breeds, from their origin to the present day. The ancestors of today’s jumper horses were originally bred as saddle horses, but as times changed and people started competing in equestrian competitions, these horses had to change with them in order to continue winning races.
1)First Modern Jumpers (the 1800s -1900)
The sport of show jumping has its roots in fox hunting and steeple chase racing. In both sports, horses were required to jump natural obstacles like hedges and ditches.
In the early 1800s, Thoroughbreds were the horse of choice for both fox hunting and steeple chase racing. However, they were not well-suited for jumping, so a new type of horse was needed.
The first modern jumper was bred from a cross between an Irish hunter and a Hackney pony.
They had more stamina than Thoroughbreds, but less speed, making them better suited for cross country courses with multiple jumps.
2)First Purebred Jumpers (1905 – 1930)
The jumper horse as we know it today began to take shape in the early 1900s. The first truly dedicated jumper breeders were in Europe, and they began developing horses specifically for show jumping.
The three most popular breeds for jumpers are the Holsteiner, the Selle Francais, and the Thoroughbred.
3)Second Generation Jumpers (1920 – 1940)
The jumper horse as we know it today began to take shape in the early 1920s. The first purpose-bred jumpers were a cross between Thoroughbreds and Hackneys, and these second-generation jumpers were characterized by their athleticism and scope.
These horses dominated the sport for nearly two decades until a new type of jumper began to emerge…
4)Third Generation Jumpers (1940 – 1950)
By the 1940s, sport horse breeding had become more refined, and three breeds, in particular, had emerged as superior jumper horses: the Hanoverian, the Holsteiner, and the Selle Francais. These breeds were characterized by their athleticism, intelligence, and beauty, and they quickly became popular among riders looking for a competitive edge.
5)Fourth Generation Jumpers (1950 – Present Day)
In the 1950s, sports horse breeding began to take off in Europe and North America. Through careful selection of sires and dams, breeders were able to produce horses with incredible jumping ability, speed, and stamina.
Today, three jumper horse breeds dominate the sport: the Holsteiner, the Selle Francais, and the Hanoverian. Each breed has its own unique strengths that have helped it become one of the best in the world.
The Three Types of Horse Jumping
Horse jumping, also known as show jumping, is an equestrian sport where riders and their horses jump over obstacles in competition with each other and are judged on their ability to both clear the obstacles and ride consistently in correct posture and form.
While there are several different types of horse jumping, there are three main types which each have slightly different rules. Here’s a breakdown of each type of horse jumping so you can choose which one you might enjoy the most!
1)What is Show Jumping?
Show jumping is a sport in which a horse and rider must jump over a series of obstacles, usually fences, in a set order and with the fewest faults (knocking down rails or refusing jumps) as possible.
It is considered one of the most difficult equestrian disciplines because it requires a perfect partnership between horse and rider and split-second timing.
2)What is Hunter Under Saddle?
Hunter Under Saddle is a division of horse shows in which horses are judged on their performance, conformation, and way of going. The division is named for the type of saddle used in hunt seat riding.
Horses may be shown under saddle with or without stirrups and can jump a variety of fences including cross rails, double oxers, triple bars, and water jumps.
Show jumping (formally known as hunter trials) is also part of this division but it is not considered as prestigious as hunter under saddle because there are fewer show jumping classes offered at most events.
3)What is Cross Country?
Cross country is a type of horse jumping that takes place over natural terrain. It is the most strenuous of the three types of horse jumping, as it requires the horse and rider to jump a variety of obstacles, including ditches and water.
Cross country is a test of both horse and rider’s fitness and endurance. The event consists of 18 or 20 jumps spread out over five or six miles. The cross-country course often includes challenging combinations such as a triple bar fence followed by two high oxers.
Horses can be penalized for refusing an obstacle, knocking down rails, knocking down posts, and hitting an obstacle more than once on the way round; they are also penalized if their rider falls off while riding.
Let’s discuss all of mentioned best jumping breeds
1) Dutch Warmblood
The Dutch Warmblood breed of horse has its origin in the Netherlands. The breed was first developed in the mid-1800s by crossing several horse breeds. The breed was later developed further in the early 1900s. At the beginning of the 20th century, the breed was developed further by crossing the Thoroughbred and Belgian breeds.
The Dutch Warmblood is a large horse breed that has a high level of athletic ability. The breed is known for its excellent jumping abilities and speed. The breed is also known for its strength and stamina. The breed is mainly used for riding and driving.
Dutch Warmbloods are considered to be a medium-sized horse breed. The breed stands at a height of about 15 hands (about 45 centimeters) tall and weighs between 550 to 660 pounds (250 to 300 kilograms). The coat color for this horse breed is bay, chestnut, black, roan, gray, and white.
Dutch Warmbloods are used for driving, jumping, dressage, eventing, and endurance racing. The horse breed has a relatively long lifespan.
Westphalian is a well-known horse breed that originated in the northern part of Germany. It was developed in the early 1800s by crossing English and Dutch horses with native German horses. It is known for its large size and strength. It is the only horse breed that is still recognized by the German government as a pure breed.
The Westphalian is very strong and athletic. The breed is known for being easy to train and maintain. It has a good temperament and is very versatile.
Westphalian Horses are Used for
Westphalian horses are used for racing, show jumping, dressage, and endurance riding. They are also used for farm work and ranching. Westphalian horses are known for their intelligence, endurance, speed, and agility.
Westphalian Horses are Easy to Train
Westphalian horses are known for their good temperaments. They are easy to train and adapt to most situations. They can be trained to jump, run, trot, and canter.
Westphalian Horses are Versatile
Westphalian horses are versatile animals that can be used for a wide range of activities. They are used for sports, riding, and working. Westphalian horses are easy to manage and require little grooming.
Westphalian Horses are Good Mates
Westphalian horses are known for being great mares. They are gentle and easy to train. They are good for beginners and are very forgiving.
Westphalian Horses are Large
Westphalian horses are big, powerful animals. They are known for their large size and muscular build. They have a nice head and mane.
Westphalian Horses are Hardy
Westphalian horses are hardy animals that can withstand a variety of weather conditions. They can live in hot or cold temperatures and in rain or snow. They thrive on a diet of hay, grain, and pasture. If they are kept warm and dry, they will be happy and healthy. They are known for their endurance and speed, and they are used for riding, racing, and pulling wagons. Westphalia Horses Westphalian horses are hardy animals that can withstand a variety of weather conditions. They can live in hot or cold temperatures and in rain or snow. They thrive on a diet of hay, grain, and pasture.
3) Irish Sport Horse
Irish Sport Horse is a sport horse breed that originated in Ireland. An Irish Sport Horse is a versatile horse breed that has been used for a variety of purposes. These horses were originally bred for riding, but now they are also commonly used for show jumping, eventing, and dressage.
An Irish Sport Horse is known for their versatility and stamina. This horse breed can be used for a variety of purposes, including sport, breeding, and even as a pet. They are also very comfortable around children.
The Irish Sport Horse has a wide range of colors, including white, brown, black, red, roan, and chestnut. The coat pattern can be double-coated, single-coated, or a combination of both. This horse breed can also be found with a variety of markings.
The Oldenburg horse breed is one of the most popular breeds of horses that are used in competitions. If you want to have a horse that is suitable for jumping and training then you should definitely consider this horse breed.
Oldenburg horses are known for their great temperament and friendly nature. They are good jumpers and are also very hardy. If you are looking for a horse that is both good in jumping and friendly then this horse breed is the one for you.
Oldenburg horses are known for being intelligent and responsive to training. This breed is also very active and has strong stamina. It is easy to train this horse breed because they are very obedient and easy to handle.
Oldenburg horses are good in jumping competitions. They are also very fast and have a high endurance. They are very suitable for jumping competitions because they have strong stamina. They are also good in competitions because they are very fast and responsive to training.
The Oldenburg horse breed is a versatile horse breed that is suitable for both riding and jumping competitions. This horse breed is known for its friendly nature and obedience. It is also very easy to train and can be handled by anyone. It is a good horse breed for beginners.
Oldenburg horses are very gentle and friendly. This horse breed is also known for its intelligence and responsiveness. This horse breed is also very easy to handle and it is very good in competitions.
5) Selle Francais
Selle Francais Jumping Horses are known for their powerful stride and the ability to jump over fences with ease. If you want to buy a horse for jumping, the Selle Francais is one of the most popular choices.
The Selle Francais is a French jumping horse breed that was developed in the early 1800s. The breed was named after its creator, Francois Selle. This horse is most well-known for its speed, stamina, and jumping abilities.
There are two main varieties of Selle Francais horses: the standard Selle Francais and the Miniature Selle Francais. Both varieties are excellent for jumping and cross-country riding.
Characteristics of Selle Francais Jumping Horses
The Selle Francais has a strong frame, which makes it great for jumping. It also has a beautiful head and neck, which makes it look good on the show circuit.
The breed is very sturdy, which is perfect for jumping. This horse breed is also known for its stamina, making it suitable for endurance rides.
The breed is known for its speed. It has a powerful stride that can cover ground quickly. This horse breed is also known for its ability to jump high fences.
Selle Francais horses can be used for a wide range of activities. They can be used for jumping, endurance riding, and even dressage.
There are many different uses for this horse breed. You can use them as jumping horses, dressage horses, or endurance horses.
Trakehner is a traditional, elegant German jumping horse breed. It is a well-balanced, strong, athletic horse that is easy to train and ride. Trakehner horses are a joy to ride and excel in the show ring. Trakehner horses can perform at an intermediate level in show jumping and dressage. They are very active and intelligent and are also known for their love of the outdoors.
Trakehner Horses are known for their strength and endurance. They are bred for the show ring, but they are also used for eventing, hunter trials, dressage, and Western pleasure riding. The Trakehner is known for its long, flowing mane and tail, and they are known for being easy to groom.
Trakehner horses are considered to be easy keepers. They do well on hard or soft ground and have a sweet temperament. Trakehner horses are known for their intelligence and stamina.
Trakehner Horses are not suitable for novice riders due to their size and speed. They are very powerful, so they can be dangerous to inexperienced riders.
A Hanoverian is a wonderful breed of horse. It has a good temperament, is a good jumper and a great companion. The Hanoverian has a unique quality of being able to jump over obstacles and fences at a very high rate of speed.
Hanoverians are generally known for their great temperaments. They are excellent jumpers, and they have a very friendly, calm nature.
Features of the Hanoverian Horse
The Hanoverian is a large horse, with a height of 18 to 20 hands. It is well built with a strong, muscular frame. The legs are straight, and the hooves are short and compact.
The coat of a Hanoverian is smooth, hard, and glossy. The mane and tail are long and curly, and the eyes are brown. The ears are covered with hair.
The color of the coat can range from light to dark. The color of the mane and tail are usually the same color as the coat.
The Hanoverian is a lively, alert and gentle horse. It is a good jumper, and it is quick to learn. It is patient and responsive to its rider.
It is easy to ride, and it is suitable for children as young as 6 years old.
The Hanoverian is known for its gentleness and friendliness. It is a horse that loves to be around people and enjoy the company of its owners.
There are various kinds of horses and each one of them has its own unique features. But when it comes to horse breeding, the most prominent ones are the Holsteiner horse breeds. These horses are known for their beautiful looks, calm nature, and excellent jumping abilities.
This horse breed is popular all around the globe. It is widely known for its good looks, calm nature and great jumping abilities. The Holsteiner horse breeds are a cross between the Swedish Warmblood and the German Pferdgarten horse breeds.
They are very gentle and they are also known for being very friendly towards humans. They are also very easy to handle. If you have a large area for your farm, you can buy these horses to increase your farming activities.
Features of Holsteiner Horses
These horses are known for their beautiful looks, calm nature, and great jumping abilities. They are also known for their high quality and excellent temperaments. They are also very friendly towards humans.
If you have a large area for your farm, you can buy these horses to increase your farming activities. They are very gentle and they are also known for being very friendly towards humans. They are also very easy to handle.
9) American Quarter Horse
American Quarter Horses are known for being a versatile and adaptable horse breed that excels at all sorts of riding disciplines. When it comes to horse breeds, the American Quarter Horse is probably the most popular.
American Quarter Horses are famous for their strength and speed, making them a favorite for horse racing and trail riding. However, they are also very versatile and can be trained for a wide range of disciplines including dressage, eventing, reining, roping, western pleasure, and jumping.
The American Quarter Horse is one of the oldest breeds of horses in the United States. It is believed that the breed originated in the 18th century in the southeastern United States, where it was developed to help farmers clear fields.
Today, the American Quarter Horse is the most popular of the four recognized American horse breeds. In fact, it’s the only breed of horse that is both a working and recreational breed.
The American Quarter Horse is a popular horse breed because it’s versatile and hardy. This makes it a great choice for a variety of disciplines.
American Quarter Horses are known for their strength and speed, making them a favorite for horse racing and trail riding. However, they are also very versatile and can be trained for a wide range of disciplines including dressage, eventing, reining, roping, western pleasure, and jumping.
AQH Jumping Horses have a reputation for being hardy, strong, fast, and athletic. They also tend to be well-mannered and gentle.
The Arabian horse is a breed of horse that originated in the desert areas of Arabia and North Africa. The Arabian horse has been bred to be a hardy, fast-moving animal.
They were bred to be ridden, to pull carts, and to be ridden bareback. They are very strong, have a thick mane and tail, and have a broad chest. They have a long, slender neck and a long, straight back.
They are usually dark brown or black with white markings on the face, legs, and lower legs. They have a large head with a wide forehead and a short muzzle. Their eyes are set close together. Their legs are straight and muscular.
Arabian horses are a very popular horse breed. They are known for their great looks and their athletic ability. The Arabian horse is the second most popular horse breed in the United States and the third most popular horse breed in the world.
11) Thoroughbred (best jumping horse breed)
A thoroughbred is a horse breed that has been bred for speed, stamina, and power. These horses were originally bred to race in the English countryside.
They were used as a status symbol in the 1800s and have been used as sports vehicles ever since. Thoroughbreds are known for their incredible speed and stamina.
Thoroughbreds are the most popular horse breed in the world. Their large heads and powerful necks make them look very intimidating. They are also known for their big eyes, big ears, and long necks.
The Anglo-Arabian horse breed is one of the most popular horse breeds for riding and show jumping. It is a versatile horse breed that can be ridden on the road or in the show ring. It is considered to be one of the friendliest horse breeds.
Anglo-Arabians are known for being hardy, strong, and good-tempered. They are also noted for their endurance and stamina. They are a versatile horse breed that excels in dressage, show jumping, eventing, and racing.
Anglo-Arabians are well suited to the rider who wants a horse that can compete at the highest level of dressage, show jumping, eventing, and racing. They are easy to handle and care for.
Anglo-Arabians are large horses. They have a deep chest and barrel-shaped body with a long, straight back. They are considered to be among the largest horse breeds.
Anglo-Arabians come in various colors, including bay, chestnut, black, roan, and gray.
The Connemara breed of horse has been used in Ireland since the 19th century. It was developed in the early 1900s by crossing English Thoroughbreds with Irish native breeds. The result was a large and powerful horse with a great deal of stamina.
The Connemara is a versatile horse and is often used for both sport and farming. They are well suited to a variety of conditions, including steep mountain terrain and rough farm ground. They are also very hardy and can be used in harsh climates.
The Connemara is known for its good temperament and easy-going nature. They are generally friendly and docile and enjoy human contact. The horses are also gentle and docile, making them good for children.
The Connemara is an excellent animal for young children and teenagers. They are very quick to learn and are easy to ride. They are also suitable for older children and adults.
The Connemara is a well-loved horse and is a very popular breed in the United States. They are a great fit for a variety of activities including dressage, jumping, eventing, ranch work, and trail riding.
Morgan horses are known for their strong, athletic build. They are used for riding, racing, pulling, and even military applications. They are a large breed that are typically used for heavy work. This breed has been around since the late 19th century and is still in existence today.
The Morgan horse was originally developed in the 1800s in the United States. This breed is now found all over the world. They are used for work and leisure activities.
The Morgan horse has a thick mane that is very unique. It has a big head and a long neck. It is very muscular and has a short back. This breed is known for being gentle, smart, and agile. They can be hardy and quick to learn.
This breed is large and powerful. Their height can range from 13 to 16 hands. Their weight can range from 1,200 to 1,500 pounds.
15) Draft Crosses
Draft horses are a cross between a Thoroughbred and a Trakehner. These two breeds are known for their high intelligence, speed, and stamina. They are often used to pull carts and other heavy loads.
Draft horses have an average height of 18 hands. They weigh about 1,300 pounds and have a lifespan of 15 to 20 years.
A draft cross is a cross between a draft horse and a standard-bred horse. It has a combination of traits from both breeds. The breed was created to help people who want to ride horses for pleasure, but don’t want to spend a fortune on a purebred horse.
A draft cross is a perfect size and weight for most riders. They have a light build and a compact frame. They are easy to groom and train. They have a friendly disposition and a calm temperament.
Draft crosses are known for their good gaits and smooth transitions. They are often ridden in jumping events.
Different Qualities that Make a Horse a Good Jumper
Horses, as you may know, are all unique in their own way. One may be tall and strong, another may be small and quick, but they all have their own strengths that make them great at what they do! The same goes for jumping horses.
They all have their own characteristics that make them better at different jumps and obstacles than others. So what makes a good jumping horse? Today we’re going to break down some of the biggest qualities that make horses great jumpers and how to spot them! Take notes- you might just come across one of these horses at your next show!
A good jumper is always in balance. This means that they have equal weight distribution on all four legs, allowing them to move quickly and evenly over fences.
A horse that is out of balance will often be uncoordinated and slow, making it more difficult for them to clear obstacles. Having an even distribution of weight also helps a horse maintain their form throughout the course.
A good jumper is an athlete. They have powerful hindquarters, long legs, and a deep chest. They are also agile and have quick reflexes. All of these physical attributes allow them to clear high fences with ease.
To get even more technical, they need their bones to be light but strong in order for them to be able to carry weight while jumping. They also need their joints and muscles to be in perfect condition so they can easily run and jump without injury.
A good jumper must be strong in order to clear the fences. They need to have powerful hindquarters to help them propel themselves over the jumps.
Additionally, they need to have well-muscled front legs to help them push off the ground and carry their weight over the fence. A horse that is too weak will not be able to clear the jumps and could get injured in the process.
A horse’s speed is one of the most important qualities for jumping. A horse needs to be able to accelerate quickly in order to clear large jumps. They also need to be able to maintain their speed while going over the jump. This requires a lot of stamina and athleticism.
Stamina refers to how long a horse can work without tiring, which is essential because horses don’t stop when they’re at the other side of the jump. Athleticism refers to how agile and graceful they are on their feet, as well as how well they can stay balanced with weight shifting from side to side.
A good jumper is a horse that is able to be very flexible in its movements. This allows them to take tight turns and jump over high fences without knocking them down.
A horse with good jumping form will also have a strong back and hind end, which gives them the power they need to clear obstacles. Stronger joints and ligaments allow them to absorb shocks more easily as well.
They should also be light on their feet because this will make it easier for them to get into position for jumps quickly.
A good jumper should have a calm and willing temperament. They should be brave and not easily spooked. They should also be able to handle new situations and be adaptable.
A good jumper will also have lots of stamina and be able to maintain their energy throughout a long jump course. They will be agile, fast, and with quick reflexes.
A horse needs to have strong muscles, strong bones, strong joints, healthy tendons, ligaments, nerves, and skin. When it comes to jumping the horse needs to have an even stride which means they land on all four feet evenly in order for them not to take off too high or too low during the jump.
They need balance which is important when they are leaping over fences while still moving forward at speed.
The best jumper horses are usually bred for that specific purpose and are usually pretty pricey.
However, not all horses are designed for jumping. Some are bred purely for their looks, while others are bred for their speed. It’s worth noting that it’s not only about the looks of the horse. It’s also about its temperament.
As far as types of horses go, I would suggest getting a young horse that is not too old to start learning to jump. There are many horses with great breeding and character that are inexpensive and easy to train.
One final note, don’t just focus on training and jumping. Your horse will need a job. The best way to do that is to keep it active and mentally challenged.