Castillonnais Horse ( Breed History – Characteristics)

The Castillonnais horse has been known for its excellent gaits, intelligence, stamina, and willingness to work, since the Middle Ages. It is a small horse with a fine head, large nostrils, a wide chest, a long tail and thick hair.

The Castillonnais horse is often used in agriculture for ploughing and harvesting. It is also used in sports as a show and dressage horse. Castillonnais horses have a unique personality, character and temperament. The name Castillonnais comes from the city of Castillon in the Ariège département of south-western France, where the breed was developed in the 17th century.

History of Castillonnais Horse

Originally bred as a multi-purpose breed used for horse riding, agriculture and driving, the population declined during the 20th century and almost became extinct. In 1980, a group of supporters began working to save the breed, and a breed association, now called the Association Nationale du Cheval Castillonnais d’Ariège Pyrénées, was founded in 1992. This breed is officially recognized by the French Ministry of Agriculture. 1996. The French government, the breed association and a regional conservation group are now interested in protecting the breed. Population numbers are still quite low, and extinction is a concern.

Today, the breed is known for its excellent gaits, strength, courage, and versatility, as well as its great temperament. These qualities are due to the bloodlines which were originally from Spain, Portugal, and Italy.

The Castillonnais horse has been raised and bred in the mountainous regions of the Ariège and Tarn departments for centuries. These rugged mountains are ideal for keeping these horses in good condition. The climate of the region is also beneficial for the breed, as the summers are relatively cool and the winters are very mild. The horses are primarily used for work in the fields, although they are also used for dressage, eventing, and jumping.

Castillonnais Horse
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Characteristics of Castillonnais Horse

Castillonnais horses are well-known for their strong constitution, stamina, and willingness to work. They are known for being calm and patient under any circumstance.

Castillonnais horses are large, powerful, and athletic animals. Their coat color is usually black or dark bay, with some white markings. Their movement is swift and smooth, with a flowing gait. They are known for their stamina and willingness to work, which makes them good workers for riding and driving.


They stand between 135-155 cm. Their weight can range from 400 kg.


The most common colors for Castillonnais horses are bay, black, gray, chestnut, or roan.


Castillonnais horses move with a smooth, flowing gait. They have an easy, balanced walk, trot, and canter.


Castillonnais horses are very calm and patient, and are generally easy to ride. They are also friendly and approachable, and are easy to handle.

Quick Overview Castillonnais Horse Breed

Other Name Ariège horse of Castillon
Weight 400 kg
Height: 135-155 cm
Color Bay, black, gray, chestnut, or roan
Lifespan 20-30 years
Diet Hay ,haylage,  Grass
Country of Origin France
Common Use Dressage, eventing, and jumping


What Makes the Castillonnais Horse Special?

Answer: Castillonnais horses have a unique heritage. This horse is bred by a French couple who decided to breed their horse from one of the most famous horses of France. The couple had many of the characteristics that were seen in their own horses. They used the best bloodlines, and worked very hard to produce a champion and a horse that was born to show.

Their goal was to create a horse that would be a champion and could be ridden for pleasure. They did their research and found that many French breeds were strong and fast, but none of them had a particular character. They looked at many French breeds and found that the only horse that had all of the qualities that they were looking for was the Castillonnais. The only problem was that few people knew about the breed, and it was considered a rare breed.

Castillonnais Horse
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So they made the decision to breed the horse with a French mare to give the horse the best chance to survive and reproduce. When the foal was born, the owners wanted to name the colt “La Dauphine” after the last King of France.

The foal was born in 1990 and became a champion under the name “Castillon de la Dauphine”. He went on to become one of the greatest dressage horses in the world. He is the greatest dressage horse in France, and is the only horse to win the Grand Prix at the Olympics, the World Championships, and the European Championship. He has won many national and international titles, and has been ridden by many of the best riders in the world. Today, he

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