Chilean Horse ( Breed History – Characteristics)

Chiloe horses are an indigenous breed of horse in Chile. They are small, compact, and agile. They are used to work as pack animals. The main feature of the Chiloe horses is the short neck. This breed was developed to withstand the harsh weather and rocky terrain of Chile, where they were bred for more than two centuries.

History of Chilean Horse

The Chilean horse was originally bred in the Atacama Desert in the north of Chile. The breed is known for its stamina and endurance. It has been bred for over 1000 years.

The breeders originally used them for pulling carts and ploughing fields. They were also used for transportation across the Andes Mountains. These horses were also used to pull trains.

In 1885, Chilean horse breeding was introduced to Argentina and in the 1900s they were exported to Europe. Today, these horses are still being bred in Argentina. The Chilean horse breed is also known as the Pampas horse, Atacama horse or South American horse.

Chilean Horse

Characteristics of Chilean Horse

Chilean horses are known to be strong, swift, hardy and intelligent. The breed has a well-developed sense of balance, and it has been recognized by the International Society of Equine Sports Medicine (ISEEMS) since 1998 as a sports horse. Chileans are noted for their endurance, speed and stamina, and they are well suited to a wide range of disciplines.

Chilean horses are large in stature, with deep chests, broad backs, and powerful shoulders. They have large heads, with wide, sloping foreheads and large ears that are set high on the skull. Their legs are short and muscular with long, straight hocks. Their hooves are large, hard and dense.


Chilean horses can grow to be between 450 kg and They stand between 132-142 cm.


Chilean horses are generally dark brown or black. There is some variation in color depending on the region and the breed. The coat can be short or long, smooth or coarse, and double coated.


Chilean horses are known for their movement. They are very responsive to their riders and have an excellent understanding of dressage. They have a good sense of balance, and they are known for their strength, agility, and speed.


Chilean horses are known for their strong personalities, good temperaments, and trainability. They are very inquisitive, and they enjoy being around people. They are usually friendly and curious, and they are willing to work.

Common Use

Chilean horses are used in a wide range of disciplines including dressage, eventing, show jumping, polo, and endurance riding.

Quick Overview Chilean Horse Breed

Other Name Chileno, Caballo chileno
Weight 450 kg
Height: 132-142 cm
Color Generally dark brown or black.
Lifespan 25-30 years
Diet Hay ,haylage,  Grass
Country of Origin Chile
Common Use Dressage, eventing, show jumping, polo


What Makes the Chilean horse Special?

Answer: Chileans breed the world’s best horses because the climate, geography, and natural resources of this country are perfect for breeding equines. The climate is cool and dry, making it easy to keep horses cool and comfortable in a humid, hot environment. The horses that live in Chile are bred for their stamina, speed, and endurance, which enables them to work in the harsh, rugged mountains of this southern hemisphere country.

Chile’s equine industry is one of the most developed in the world, and it is among the leading producers of thoroughbreds and quarter horses. Chileans have been breeding horses for centuries, and their horse breeds include Carabineros (native horses), Paso Fino (Spanish riding horse), Andalusian horses, Percheron horses, Arabian horses, and Andalusian Arabians. Other equines raised here include donkeys and llamas, which are used in farming and ranching.

More Related Horse Breeds-


Leave a Comment